7/10/2011

THE INSURANCE ACT, 19381 [AS AMENDED BY INSURANCE (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2002] [4 of 1938] An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the busine

Publication of authorised capital to contain also subscribed and paid­-up capital

78. Where any notice, advertisement or other official publication of a provident society contains a statement of the amount of the authorised capital of the society, the publication shall also contain a statement of the amount of the capital which has been subscribed and the amount paid‑up.

Registers and books.

79. Every provident society shall keep at its principal office in India

(a) such registers in such form as may be prescribed

(b) a cash book in Which shall be entered separately for each class of contingency separately specified in Section 65 all sums received and expended by the society and matters in respect of which the receipt or expenditure takes place,

(c) a ledger;

(d) a journal.

Revenue account, balance‑sheet and annual statements

80. (1) Every provident society shall at the expiry of the calendar year prepare a revenue account and balance‑sheet in the prescribed form verified in the prescribed manner, together with a report on the general state of the society's affairs and shall cause the revenue account and balance‑sheet to be audited by an auditor, and the auditor shall so far as may be the audit of a provident society have the powers of, exercise the functions vested in, and discharge the duties and be subject to the liabilities imposed on, an auditor of companies by Section 145 of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913).

(2) Every provident society shall at the expiry of. the calendar year prepare with respect tothat year-

(a) a statement showing separately for each class of contingency separately specified in Section 65­

i. the number of new policies effected, the total amount insured thereby and the total premium income received in respect thereof and the number of existing policies discontinued during the year with the total amount insured thereby, and

ii. the total amount of claims made and the total amount paid in satisfaction thereof;

(b) a statement showing details of every insurance effected on a life other than the life of the person insuring; and

(c) a statement showing the total amount paid as allowances to agents and canvassers.

(3) Until the expiry of two years from the commencement of this Act this section and Section 73 shall apply to provident societies registered before the commencement of this Act under the Provident Insurance‑Societies Act, 1912 (5 of 1912), as if the reference to the calendar year were a reference to either the financial year or the calendar year.

Actuarial report and abstract

81. Every provident society shall once in every five years or at such shorter intervals as may be laid down by the rules of the society cause an investigation to be made as at the last day of a calendar year into its financial condition including the valuation of its liabilities and assets by an actuary.

(2) The report of the actuary shall contain an abstract in which shall be stated .

(a) the general principles adopted in the valuation, including the method by which the valuation age of lives was ascertained,

(b) the rate at each age of the mortality and any other factor assumed and the annuity values used in valuation,

(c) the reserve values held against policies effected,

(d) the rate of interest assumed, and

(e) the provision made for expenses,

and shall have appended to it a certificate signed by a principal officer of the society that all material necessary for proper valuation has been placed at the disposal of the actuary and that full and accurate particulars of every policy under which there is a liability either actual or contingent have been furnished to the actuary for the purpose of the investigation.

(3) If the actuary finds that the financial conditions of the society is such that no surplus exists for distribution as bonus to the policy‑holders, or as dividend to the shareholders, he shall state in his report whether in his opinion the society is insolvent and, if so, whether it should be wound up or not, and the extent to which in his opinion existing contracts should be modified or existing rates of premium should be adjusted to make good the deficiency in the assets.

Submission of returns to Authority

82.(1) The revenue account and balance‑sheet with the auditor's report thereon and the report on the general state of the society's affairs referred to in sub‑section (2) of Section 80, shall be printed and four copies of these and of the statements referred to in sub-section (2) of Section 80, shall be furnished as returns to the Authority within six months from the end of the period to which they relate.

(2) All the material necessary for the proper valuation of the liabilities of the society under the provisions of Section 81 shall be placed at disposal of the actuary within three months from the end of the period to which such material relates, and the report and abstract referred to in Section 81 shall be furnished as a return to the Authority within a further period of three months:

Provided that the Central Government may, in any case, extend the time allowed by this sub‑section for the furnishing of such return by a period not exceeding three months.

(3) The provisions of sub‑section (2) of Section 15 relating to the copies therein referred shall apply to the returns referred to in sub‑section (1) of this section, and the provisions of Section 17 shall apply to the accounts and balance sheet of provident society being a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913),or under the Indian Companies Act, 1882 (6 of 1882), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (10 of 1866) or under any Act repealed thereby, as they apply to the accounts and balance‑sheet of an insurer, and the Authority may exercise, in respect of returns made by a provident society and in respect of an investigation or valuation to which Section 81 refers, the same powers as are exercisable by him under Sections 21 and 22, respectively, in the case of an insurer.

Actuarial examination of schemes

83. (1) Every provident society, registered after the commencement of this Act, shall cause every scheme of insurance which it proposes to put into operation, and every provident society registered before the commencement of this Act under the provisions of the Provident Insurance Societies Act, 1912 (5 of 1912), shall cause any scheme which it proposes to put into operation for the first time, after such commencement to be examined by an actuary, and shall not receive any premium or contribution in connection with the scheme until the actuary has certified that the rates, advantages, terms and conditions of the scheme are workable and sound and such certificate has been forwarded to the Authority.

(2) The provisions of sub‑section (1) shall apply to any alteration of a scheme already in operation, but the Authority may, if he is of opinion that the alteration unfairly affects the interests of existing policy holders, prohibit the alteration, and, if he does so, the society shall not put the altered scheme into operation, unless it first discharges to the satisfaction of the Authority all its liabilities to those of the existing policy holders who dissent from the alteration.

(3) Every provident society registered before the commencement of this Act under the provisions of the Provident Insurance Societies Act, 1912 (5 of 1912), shall, as soon as may be and in any event before the expiry of six months from the commencement of this Act, submit all schemes of insurance which the society has in operation at the commencement of this Act to examination by an actuary and shall, before the expiration of six months from the commencement of the Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1941 (13 of 1941), send the report of the actuary thereon to the Authority

(4) The report of the actuary shall state in respect of each scheme whether the advantages, terms and conditions are workable and sound and, where no actuarial report such as is referred to in Section 81 has been made within the two years preceding the examination the report shall also state whether the assets of the society are sufficient to meet its liabilities under the existing schemes, and, if not how in the opinion of the actuary the existing contracts should be modified.

(5) If the rates, advantages, terms and conditions of any scheme are not reported by the actuary to be workable and sound, Authority shall give notice to the society prohibiting the scheme, and the society shall not after its receipt of such notice enter into any new contract of insurance under the scheme, but all rights and liabilities in respect of contracts of insurance entered into by the society before receipt of the notice shall, subject to the provisions of sub­section (6), continue as if the notice had not been given.

(6) Where a scheme is prohibited under the provisions of subsection (5) the society shall, where its assets are sufficient to meet‑all existing liabilities, set apart out of its assets the sum sufficient in the opinion of the actuary to meet the liabilities incurred under the scheme so prohibited, and, where its assets are not so sufficient, within three months from the date of the prohibition, apply to the Court for a modification of its existing contracts or failing such modification for the winding up of the society.

Separation of accounts and funds

84. Where a provident society effects policies of insurance in connection with more than one of the classes of contingency separately specified in sub‑section (2) of Section 65, the receipts and payments in respect of each such class shall be recorded in a separate account in the cash book kept in accordance with Section 79.

Investment of funds

85. (1) [Repealed}

(2) No funds or investments of a provident society except a deposit made under Section 73 or under the law of any State or country relating to insurance shall be kept otherwise than in the name of the society or in the name of a public officer approved by the Central Government.

(3) No loan shall be made out of the assets of a provident society to any director, manager, managing agent, auditor, actuary, officer or partner of the society, except on the security of a policy of insurance held in the society and within its surrender value and no such loans shall be made to any concern of which a director, manager, managing agent, actuary, officer or partner of the society is a director, manager managing agent, actuary, officer or partner:

Provided that nothing in this sub‑section shall apply to loans made by a provident society to a banking company:

Provided further that where any event occurs giving rise to circumstances, the existence of which at the time of the grant of any subsisting loan would have made such grant a contravention of this sub‑section, such loan shall, notwithstanding any contract to the contrary, be repaid within three months from the occurrence of such event or from the commencement of the Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1946 (6 of 1946), whichever is later; and in case of default, the director, manager, auditor, actuary or partner concerned shall, without prejudice to any other penalty which he may incur, cease to hold office in the society on the expiry of the said three months.

(3A) Any loan prohibited under sub‑section (3), made before and outstanding at the commencement of the Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1940 (2 of 1940) shall be repaid before the 1st day of January, 1941, and in case of default the director, manager managing agent, auditor, actuary, officer or partner who has received the loan or is connected with the concern which has received the loan, as the case may be, shall cease to hold office in or be a partner of the society and shall be ineligible to hold office in or to be a partner of the society until the loan is repaid.

(4) Any director, manager, managing agent, auditor, actuary, officer or partner of a society which contravenes the provisions of sub‑section (3), who is knowingly a party to the contravention, shall without prejudice to any other penalty which he may incur be jointly and severally liable to the society for the amount of the loan, and such amount, together with interest from the date of the loan at such rate not exceeding twelve per cent per annum as the Authority may fix, shall on application by the Authority to any civil court of competent jurisdiction be recoverable by execution as if a decree for such amount had been passed by that Court.

(5) The provisions of Section 86D of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), shall not apply to a loan granted to a director of a provident society being a company if the loan is one granted on the security of a policy on which the society bears the risk and the policy was issued to the director on his own life and the loan is within the surrender value of the policy.

Inspection of books.

86. The books of every provident society shall at all reasonable times be open to inspection by the Authority or any person appointed by him in this behalf or by any member or policy‑holder of the society who has, on application in this behalf, been permitted by the Authority subject to such conditions, if any, as he may impose, to make such inspection.

87. Inquiry by or on behalf of Authority.

87. (l) The Authority shall at least once in two years and may, if he thinks fit, at any time visit personally or depute a suitable person to visit the principal office of a provident society or the principal office in India of a society having its principal place of

business or domicile outside India and inquire into the affairs of the society or may, after givingnotice to the society and giving it an opportunity to be heard, direct such an inquiry to be made by an auditor or actuary appointed by him or by both an auditor and an actuary appointed simultaneously, or first by an auditor only or an actuary only and afterwards by an actuary or auditor.

(2) For the purposes of any such inquiry Authority or the auditor or actuary, as the case may be, shall be entitled to examine all books and documents of the society and may demand from the society or any officer of the society such explanations as he may require on any matter relating to the affairs of the society.

(3) The results of any such inquiry shall be recorded in writing by the person making the inquiry, and four copies of the record shall be supplied to the Authority and when the inquiry is completed, a copy of the record, or of each such record where more than one are made in the course of the same inquiry, shall be sent by the Authority to the society concerned and shall be open to inspection by any member or policy‑holder of the society.

(4) All expenses of incidental to any inquiry made by an auditor or actuary under sub‑section (1) including any expenses incurred before the date on which the Authority receives notice of an appeal under C1ause (e) of sub‑section (1) of Section 110 shall be defrayed by the provident society, shall have priority over other debts due from the society, and shall be recoverable as an arrear of land‑revenue.

(5) The Authority may by notice in writing require the provident society to comply within a time to be specified therein (not being less than fifteen days from the receipt of the notice by the society) with any directions he may issue to remedy defects disclosed by an inquiry under this section.

(6) If the society fails to comply with any direction issued under sub­section (5), the Authority may, after giving notice to the society and giving it an opportunity to be heard, apply to the Court for the winding up of the society.

Amalgamation and transfer of insurance business

87A (1) The insurance business of a provident society may be transferred to any person or transferred to or amalgamated with the insurance business of any other provident society in accordance with a scheme prepared under this section and sanctioned by the Authority.

(2) Any scheme prepared under this section shall set out the agreement under which the transfer or amalgamation is proposed to be effected, and shall contain such further provisions as may be necessary for giving effect to the scheme.

(3) Before an application is made to the Authority to sanction any such scheme, notice of the intention to make the application together with a statement of the nature of the amalgamation or transfer, as the case may be, and of the reason there for, shall at least two months before the application is made, be sent to the Authority and certified copies, four in number, of each of the following documents shall be furnished to him, and other such copies shall during the two months aforesaid be kept open for the inspection of the members and policy‑holders at the principal and branch offices of the provident societies concerned, namely:

a) a draft of the agreement or deed under which it is proposed to effect the amalgamation or transfer,

b) balance‑sheets in respect of the insurance business of each of the provident societies concerned in such amalgamation or transfer,

c) actuarial reports and abstracts in respect of the insurance business of each of the provident societies so concerned,

d) a report on the proposed amalgamation or transfer, prepared by an independent actuary,

e) any other reports on which the scheme of amalgamation or transfer was founded;

and the balance‑sheets, reports and abstracts referred to in Clauses (b), (c) and (d) shall all be prepared as at the date at which the amalgamation or transfer if sanctioned by the Authority is to take effect, which date shall not be more than twelve months before the date on which the application to the Authority is made under this section:

Provided that the Authority may exempt the provident society or societies concerned from furnishing to him and from keeping open for inspection any one or more of the above documents

(4) When any application such as is referred to in sub‑section (3) is made to the Authority, he may require, if for special reasons he so directs, notice of the application to be sent to every person resident in India who is the holder Of a policy of any provident society concerned and may cause a statement of the nature and terms of the amalgamation or transfer, as the case may be, to be published in such manner and for such periods as he may direct, and after hearing: the societies concerned, such policy‑holders as apply to be heard and such other persons as he may deem fit, may sanction the arrangement, if he is satisfied that no sufficient objection to the arrangement has been established and shall make such consequential orders as are necessary to give effect to the arrangement, including orders as to the disposal of any deposit made under Section 73:

Provided that:

a) no part of the deposit made by any party to the amalgamation or transfer shall be returned except where, after effect is given to the arrangement the whole of the deposit to be made by the provident society carrying on the amalgamated business or the person to whom the business is transferred is completed;

b) only so much shall be returned as is no longer required to complete the deposit last mentioned in C1ause (a);

c) while the deposit last mentioned in C1ause (a) remains uncompleted, no accession, resulting from the arrangement, to the amount already deposited by the provident society carrying on the amalgamated business or the person to whom the business is transferred shall be appropriated as payment or part payment of any instalment of deposit subsequently due from it or him under Section 73.

(5) A copy of the order under subsection (4) sanctioning or refusing to sanction the arrangement shall be sent to each of the societies concerned and to each of the policy‑holders who applied to be heard.

(6) If the scheme involves a reduction of the amount of the insurance and other contracts of the transfer or society or of any or all of the societies concerned in the amalgamation, the Authority may sanction the scheme, reducing the amount of such contracts upon such terms and subject to such conditions as he may think proper, and the reduction of the contracts as sanctioned by the Authority shall be valid and binding on all the parties concerned.

Winding up by Court and voluntary winding up

88. (1) The Court may order the winding up of a provident society being a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1882, (6 of 1882) or under the Indian Companies Act, 18 (10 of 1866), or under any Act repealed thereby and the provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7of 1913) shall, subject to the provisions of this Part, apply accordingly.

(2) In addition to the grounds on which an order may be based, the Court may order the winding up of a provident society if the Authority, who is hereby authorised to do so, applies in this behalf to the Court on any of the following grounds, namely:

(a) that the registration of the society has been cancelled under sub­section (4) of Section 70;

(b) that it appears from the returns furnished under the provisions of this Act or as the result of an inquiry made under Section 87 that the society, is insolvent;

(c) that the continuance of society is prejudicial to interests of the policy‑holders.

(3) A provident society being a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913) or under the Indian Companies Act, 1882, (6 of 1882), or under the Indian Companies Act 1866 (10 of 1866) or under any Act repealed thereby may be wound up voluntarily in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1913, but shall not be so wound up except for the purpose of effecting an amalgamation or re‑construction of the society or on the ground that by reason of its liabilities it cannot continue its business.

(4) A provident society not being a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913) if or under the Indian Companies Act 1882 (6 of 1882), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (10 of 1866) or under any Act repealed thereby may be wound up voluntarily under this Act if a resolution is passed by the proprietors that the society should be wound up voluntarily for the purposes or on the ground specified in sub‑section (3), and the Authority may, in any case where he has ordered the cancellation of the registration of a society under sub‑section (4) of Sec. 70, order the winding up of the society under this Act.

Reduction of insurance contracts

89. The Court may make an order reducing the amount of the insurance contracts of a provident society upon such terms and subject to such conditions as the Court thinks just­-

(a) if the Authority as an alternative to canceling the registration of a society under sub‑section (4) of Section 70 applies to the Court in this behalf;

(b) if while a society is in liquidation the Court thinks fit;

(c) if when a society has been proved to be insolvent the Court thinks fit to do so in place of making an order for the winding up of the society; or

(d) if the Court is satisfied on an application made in this behalf by the society supported by the report of an actuary, and after giving the policy‑holders an opportunity to be heard that it is desirable to do so.

Appointment of liquidator

90. (1) Where a provident society is to be wound up whether under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), or under this Act, the society shall, within seven days from the date of the order of the Court ordering the winding up of the passing of the resolution authorising thewinding up, as the case may be, give notice thereof to the Authority shall appoint the liquidator and shall determine the remuneration to be paid to him:

Provided that if the Authority is not satisfied that the assets of the society are sufficient to meet the costs of liquidation including the remuneration of the liquidator, he may decline to make such appointment, and in such a case the society shall itself appoint a liquidator who shall carry out the liquidation as if the winding up was being done by an order of the Court.

(2) Any liquidator appointed by the Authority under subsection (1) may be removed by the Authority if satisfied that the duties entrusted to him are not being properly discharged.

Application of Act to liquidators

90A. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), the provisions of Sections 91, 92 and 93 shall apply to any liquidator appointed to wind up a provident society, whether by the Court, the Authority or the society itself.

Powers of liquidator.

91. (1) A liquidator appointed to wind up a society shall have power­

(a) to institute or defend any legal proceedings on behalf of the society by his name of office;

(b) to determine the contribution to be made by members of the society respectively to the assets of the society;

(c) to investigate all claims against the society and to decide questions of priority arising between claimants;

(d) to determine by what persons and in what proportion the costs of the liquidation including the remuneration of the liquidator and any expenses incurred under C1ause (g) of this sub‑section are to be borne;

(e) to give such directions in regard to the collection and distribution of the assets of the society as may appear to him to be necessary for winding up the affairs of the society;

(f) to summon, and enforce the attendance of, witnesses and to compel the production of documents by the same means and as far as may be in the same manner as is provided in the case of a civil court by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908);

(g) with the sanction of the Authority to employ such establishment and to obtain such assistance from an actuary or an auditor as may be necessary for the discharge of his duties;

(h) to sell the immoveable and moveable property of the society by public auction or private contract, with power to transfer the whole thereof to any person or society or to sell the same in parcels.

(2) The liquidator shall, for settling the list of contributories and releasing the amount of contributions, have the same powers as an official liquidator appointed by the Court for the winding up of a company under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913).

Procedure at liquidation

92. (1) As soon as a liquidator is appointed to wind up a society he shall take charge of all property moveable or immoveable of the society and of all its books and documents.

(2) If any proprietor or officer of the society or any other person retains any portion of the assets of the society or fails to deliver to the liquidator any book or document when so required by the liquidator, he shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both, and the Court may order the delivery of the assets or book or document to the liquidator.

(3) The liquidator shall, within fifteen days of his appointments send notice by post to all persons who appear to him to be creditors of the society that a meeting of the creditors of the society will be held on a date not being less than twenty‑one or more than twenty‑eight days after his appointment, and at a place and hour to be specified in the notice, and shall also advertise notice of the meeting once in the local official Gazette and once at least in two newspapers circulating in the State in which the society is situated.

(4) At the meeting so held the creditors shall determine whether an application shall be made for the appointment of any person as liquidator in the place of or jointly with the liquidator already appointed, or for the appointment of a committee of inspection, and, if they so resolve and an application accordingly is made at any time not later than fourteen days after the date of the meeting by any creditor appointed for the purpose at the meeting, the Authority may, if he thinks fit, appoint a suitable person in place of or jointly with the liquidator already appointed, and determine the remuneration to be paid to him and if he considers it desirable, may also appoint a committee of inspection.

(5) The committee of inspection shall, subject to any prescribed conditions, have a general power of supervision over the acts of the liquidator and shall have the right to inspect his accounts at all reasonable times.

(6) The liquidator shall, with such assistance from an actuary as may be required, ascertain as soon as practicable the amount of the society's liability to every person appearing by the society's books to be entitled to or interested in any policy issued by the society, and shall give notice of the amount so found to each such person in the prescribed manner and each such person on receiving such notice shall be bound by the value so ascertained.

(7) The liquidator shall make a valuation of the assets of the society and an estimate of the costs of the winding up, and shall, on the basis of these settle the list of contributories.

(8) The liquidator shall apply to the Authority for an order for the return of the deposit made by the society under Section 73 and the Authority shall on such application order the return of the deposit subject to such terms and conditions as he may think fit.

(9) In administering and distributing the assets of the society the liquidator shall have regard to any directions that may be given by the creditors or contributories at a general meeting or by the Authority.

(10) The liquidator shall keep books of account in which he shall record the proceedings at all meetings attended by him, all amounts received or expended by him and any other matter that may be prescribed, and these books may with the sanction of the Authority be inspected by any creditor or contributory.

(11) If the winding up continues for more than a year the liquidator shall summon a meeting of the creditors and contributories at the end of the first year and of each succeeding year, and shall lay before them an account of his acts and dealings and of the conduct of the winding up, and that account together with any views expressed thereon by the meeting shall be forward by the liquidator within one week after the meeting to the Authority.

(12) So far as is not otherwise provided herein or is not otherwise prescribed under this Act, the liquidator shall so far as practicable follow the procedure to be followed by an official liquidator appointed by the Court for the winding up of a company under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913).

(13) The costs of the liquidation including the remuneration of the liquidator and any expenses incurred under Clause (g) of sub‑section (1) of Section 91 shall, if the liquidator decides that they shall be payable out of the assets of the society, be payable in priority to all other claims.

Dissolution of provident society

93. (1) As soon as the affairs of a provident society are fully wound up the liquidator shall prepare an account of the winding up showing how the winding up has been conducted and the property of the society has been disposed of and shall call a meeting of the members, creditors and contributories for the purpose of laying before it the account and giving any explanation there of.

(2) Notice of the meeting shall be sent to each person individually and shall be advertised in the local official Gazette and in at least two newspapers circulating in the State in which the society is situated.

(3) Within one week after the meeting the liquidator shall send to the Authority a Copy of the account and shall report to him the holding of the meeting and its date and shall forward to him a copy of the proceedings of the meeting.

(4) The Authority may return the account to the liquidator if it is incomplete or unsatisfactory and may require the liquidator to carry out any further steps necessary to complete the winding up and the liquidator shall comply with such requirement and shall submit a further report to the Authority within six months.

(5) If the Authority is satisfied that the affairs of the society have been fully wound up he shall register the account of the liquidator who shall forthwith make over to the Authority sums, If any, remaining undisposed of; and on the expiry of three months from the registering of the account the Authority shall declare the society dissolved and cause the dissolution of the society to be notified in the local official Gazette, and the liquidator shall thereupon be discharged from further responsibility.

(6) If within a period of five years from the date on which any sums have been made over to the Authority under sub‑section (5) an order of a court of competent jurisdiction has not been obtained at the instance of any claimant to such sums for their disposal, the said sums shall become the property of Government.

Nominations and assignments

94. (1) The provisions of Sections 38 and 39 relating to assignment, transfer and nomination in the case of life insurance policies shall, subject to the provisions of this section, apply to policies of insurance issued by any provident society covering any of the contingencies specified in C1ause (a) of sub‑section (2) of Section 65.

PART IV

MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANIES AND CO‑OPERATIVE LIFE

INSURANCE SOCIETIES

Definitions.

95. (1) In this Part,­ before the date of commencement of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999, -

(a) "Mutual Insurance Company" means an insurer, being a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), or under the Indian Companies Act, l882 (6 of 1882), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (10 of 1866) or under any Act, repealed thereby, which has no share capital and of which by its constitution only and all policy‑holders are members;

and

(b) "Co‑operative Life Insurance Society" means an insurer being a society registered under the Co‑operative Societies Act, 1912 (2 of 1912) or under an Act of a State Legislature governing the registration of co­operative societies which carries on the business of life insurance and which has no share capital on which dividend or bonus is payable and of which by its constitution only original members on whose application the society is registered and all policy‑holders are members:

Provided that any co‑operative life insurance society in existence at the commencement of this Act shall be allowed a period of one year to comply with the provisions of this Act.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub‑section (1), other co­operative societies may be admitted as members of a co‑operative life insurance society, without being eligible to any dividend, profit or bonus.

(3) A State Government may, subject to any rules made by the Central Government, empower the Registrar of Co‑operative Societies of the State to register co‑operative societies for the insurance of cattle or crops or both under the provisions of the Co‑operative Societies Act in force in the State.

(4) A State Government may make rules not inconsistent with any rules made by the Central Government to govern such societies, and the provisions of this Act, in so far as they are inconsistent with those rules, shall not apply to such societies.

Application of Act to Mutual Insurance Companies and Co‑operative Life Insurance Societies

96. The provisions of Sections 6 and 7 and of sub‑section (2) of Section 20, so far as those provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of this part, shall not apply, and the provisions of this Part shall apply, to co‑operative life insurance societies.

Working capital of Mutual Insurance Companies and Co‑operative Life Insurance Societies

97. No co‑operative life insurance society registered after the 26th day of January, 1937 under the Co‑operative Societies Act, 1912 (2 of 1912) or under an Act of a State Legislature governing the registration of co‑operative societies shall be registered under this Act, unless it has as working capital a sum of fifteen thousand rupees, exclusive of the deposit to be made before or at the time of application for registration in accordance with sub‑section (2) of Section 98 of this Act and of the preliminary expenses, if any, incurred in the formation of the company or society.

Deposit to be made by Mutual Insurance Companies and Co‑operative Life Insurance Societies

98. (1) Everyday Co‑operative Life Insurance Society shall, in respect of the life insurance business carried on by it in India, deposit and keep deposited with one of the offices in India, of the Reserve Bank of India for and on behalf of the Central Government, a sum of two hundred thousand rupees in cash or in approved securities estimated at the market value of the securities on the day of deposit.

(2) The deposit referred to in sub‑section (1) may be made in instalments, of which the first shall be a payment, made before or at the time the application for registration under this Act is made, of not less than twenty ­five thousand rupees or such sum as with any deposit previously made by the insurer under the provisions of the Indian Life Assurance Companies Act, 1912 (6 of 1912), brings the amount deposited up to not less than twenty‑five thousand rupees, and the subsequent instalments shall be annual instalments made before the expiry of each subsequent calendar year of an amount in cash or in approved securities estimated at the marked value of the securities on the day of payment of the instalment, equal to not less than one‑third of the premium income in the preceding calendar year as shown in the revenue account.

(3) The provisions of sub‑section (7) of Section 7 shall apply in respect of a co‑operative life insurance society as if for the words "under the foregoing provisions of this section" the words and figures "under the provisions of Sec. 98" were substituted.

Prohibition of loans

98A. The provisions of Section 29 shall apply to co­operative life insurance societies as they apply to other insurers.

Transferees and assignees of policies not to become members

99. No transferee or assignee of a policy issued by an insurer to whom this Part applies shall become a member of a mutual insurance company or a cooperative life insurance society merely by reason of any such transfer or assignment.

Publication of notices and documents of Mutual Insurance Companies and Cooperative Life Insurance Societies

100. Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 79 and 131 of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), a mutual insurance company or a co‑operative life insurance society may, instead of sending the notices and the copies of the balance‑sheet, revenue account and other documents which they are required to send to the members under those sections, publish such notice together with a summary in the prescribed form of the balance‑sheet and revenue account once in a newspaper published in the English language and in a newspaper published in an Indian language circulating in the place where the principal office of the company is situated:

Provided that, where any members of the company are domiciled in a State other than that in which the principal office of the company is situated, publication of the notice of the meetings shall made in a newspaper or newspapers published in the principal languages of that State and circulating therein and any member of the company domiciled in that State shall be entitled on application to the company to receive from it a copy of the balance‑sheet and revenue account.

Supply of documents to members

101. Every mutual insurance company and every Co‑operative Life Insurance Society shall, on the application of any members made within two years from the date on which any such document is furnished to the Registrar of Companies under the provisions of Section 134 of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), or to the Registrar of Co‑operative Societies of the State in which the Co‑operative Life Insurance Society is registered furnish a copy of the document free of cost to the member within fourteen days of the application.

PART IV‑A

RE‑INSURANCE

Re‑insurance with Indian reinsurers

101A. (1) Every insurer shall re ­insure with Indian re‑insurers such percentage of the sum assured on each policy as may be specified by the Authority with the previous approval of the Central Government under sub‑section (2).

(2) For the purposes of sub‑section (1), the Authority may, by notification in the official Gazette,—

(a) specify the percentage of the sum assured on each policy to be reinsured and different percentages may be specified for different classes of insurance:

Provided that no percentage so specified shall exceed thirty per cent of the sum assured on such policy; and

(b) also specify the proportions in which the said percentage shall be allocated among the Indian re‑insurers.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub‑section (1), an insurer carrying on fire‑insurance business in India may, in lieu of re‑insuring the percentage specified under sub‑section (2) of the sum assured on each policy in respect of such business, re‑insure with Indian re‑insurers such amount out of the first surplus in respect of that business as he thinks fit, so however that the aggregate amount of the premiums payable by him on such re‑insurance in any year is not less than the said percentage of the premium income (without taking into account premiums on re‑insurance ceded or accepted) in respect of such business during that year

Explanation- For the purposes of this‑section, the year 1961 shall be deemed to mean the period from the 1st April to the 31st December of that year.

(4) A notification under subsection (2) may also specify the terms and conditions in respect of any business of re‑insurance required to be transacted under this section and such terms and conditions shall be binding on Indian re-insurers and other insurers.

(5) No notification under sub‑section (2) shall be issued except after consultation with the Advisory Committee constituted under Section 101B.

(6) Every notification issued under this section shall be laid before each House of Parliament, as soon as may be, after it is made.

(7) For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that nothing in sub­section (1) shall be construed as preventing an insurer from reinsuring with any Indian re‑insurer or other insurer the entire sum assured on any policy or any portion thereof in excess of the percentage specified under sub‑section (2).

(8) In this section,­

i. "policy" means a policy issued or renewed on or after the 1st day of April, 1961, in Respect of general insurance business transacted in India and does not include a re-insurance policy; and

ii. 'Indian re‑insurer" means an insurer specified in sub-clause (b) of Clause (9) of Section 2 who carries on exclusively re‑insurance business and is approved in this behalf by the Central Government.

Advisory Committee

101B. (1) The Authority with the previous approval of the Central Government shall, for the purposes of Section 101A, constitute an Advisory Committee consisting of not more than five persons having special Knowledge and experience of the business of insurance.

(2) The term of office of, and the allowance payable to, members of the Advisory Committee, the procedure to be followed by, and the quorum necessary for the transaction of business of, the Committee and the manner of filling casual vacancies therein shall be such as may be determined by the regulations made by the Authority.

Examination of re‑insurance treaties

101C. The Authority may, at any time­

(a) call upon an insurer to submit for his examination at the principal place of business of the insurer in India all re‑insurance treaties and other re‑insurance contracts entered into by the insurer;

(b) examine any officer of the insurer on oath in relation to any such document as is referred to in C1ause (a) above; or

(c) by notice in writing, require any insurer to supply him with copies of any of the documents referred to in Clause (a), certified by a principal officer of the insurer.

PART V

MISCELLANEOUS

Penalty for default in complying with or act in contravention of, this Act.

102. If any person, who is required under this Act, or rules or regulations made there under,-

(a) to furnish any document, statement, account, return or report to the Authority fails to furnish the same; or

(b) to comply with the directions, fails to comply with such directions;

(c) to maintain solvency margin, fails to maintain such solvency margin;

(d) to comply with the directions on the insurance treaties, fails to comply with such directions on the insurance treaties,

he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding five lakh rupees for each such failure and punishable with fine.

Penalty for carrying on insurance business in contravention of sections 3, 7 and 98:

103. If a person makes a statement, or furnishes any document, statement, account, return or report which is false and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true,-

(a) he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding five lakh rupees for each such failure; and

(b) he shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine for each such failure.

Penalty for false statement in document

104. If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 27 or section 27A or section 27B or section 27C or section 27D, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding five lakh rupees for each such failure.

Wrongfully obtaining or withholding property.

105. If any director, managing director, manager, or other officer or employees of an insurer wrongfully obtains possession of any property or wrongfully applies to any purpose of the Act, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding two lakh rupees for each such failure.

Offences by Companies

105A. (1) Where any offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment, if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section(1), where any offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or it attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation- For the purposes of this section,-

(a) “company” means any body corporate, and includes-

i. a firm; and

ii. an association of persons or a body of individuals, whether incorporated or not; and

(b) “director” in relation to –

i. a firm, means a partner in the firm;

ii. an association of persons or a body of individuals, means any member controlling the affairs thereof.

Penalty for failure to comply with section 32B

105B. If an insurer fails to comply with the provisions of section 32B, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding five lakh rupees for each such failure and shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine for each such failure.

Penalty for failure to comply with section 32C

105C. If an insurer fails to comply with the provisions of section 32C, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty-five lakh rupees for each such failure and in the case of subsequent and continuing failure, the registration granted to such insurer under section 3 shall be cancelled by the Authority.

Power of Court to order restoration of property of insurer or compensation in certain cases

106. (l) If, on the application of the Authority or an Administrator appointed under Section 52‑A or an insurer or any policy‑holder or any member of an insurance company or the liquidator of an insurance company (in the event of the insurance company being in liquidation), the Court is satisfied—

(a) that any insurer (including in any case where the insurer is an insurance company any person who has taken part in the promotion or formation of the insurance company or any past or present director, managing agent, manager secretary or liquidator) or any officer employee or agent of the insurer,—

i. has misapplied or retained or become liable or become accountable for any money or property of the insurer; or

ii. has been guilty of any misfeasance or breach of trust in relation to the insurer; or

(b) that any person, whether he is or has been in any way connected with the affairs of the insurer or not, is in wrongful possession of any money or property of the insurer or having any such money or property in his possession wrongfully withholds it or has converted it to any use other than that of the insurer; or

(c) that by reason of any contravention of the provisions of this Act, the amount of the life‑insurance fund has been diminished;

the Court may examine any such insurer, director, managing agent, manager, secretary or liquidator or any such other officer, employee or agent of the insurer or such other person, as the case may be, and may compel him to contribute such sums to the assets of the insurer by way of compensation in respect of the misapplication, retainer, misfeasance or breach of trust, as the Court thinks fit, or to pay such sum as may be found due from him in respect of any money or property of the insurer for which he is liable or accountable or to restore any money or property of the insurer or any part thereof, as the case may be; and where the amount of the life insurance fund has been diminished by reason of any contravention of the provisions of this Act, the Court shall have power to assess the sum by which the amount of the fund has been diminished and to order the person guilty of such contravention to contribute to the fund the whole or any part of that sum by way of compensation; and in any of the aforesaid cases the Court shall have power to order interest to be paid at such rate and cases the Court shall have power to order interest to be paid at such rate and from such time as the Court may deem fit.

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub‑section (1) or sub­section (3), where it is proved that any money or property of an insurer has disappeared or has been lost' the Court shall presume that every person in charge of, or having a disposing power over, such money or property at the relevant time (whether a director, manager, principal officer or any other officer) has become accountable for such money or property within the meaning of sub‑clause (i) of Clause (a) to sub‑section (1), and the provisions of that sub­section shall apply accordingly, unless such person proves that the money or property has been utilised or disposed of in the ordinary course of the business of the insurer and for the purpose of that business or that he took all reasonable steps to prevent the disappearance or loss of such money or property or otherwise satisfactorily accounts for such disappearance or loss.

(3) Where the insurer is an insurance company and any of the acts referred to in Clauses (a), (b) and (c) of sub‑section (1 ) has been committed by any person, every person who was at the relevant time a director, managing agent, manager, liquidator, secretary or other officer of the insurance company shall, for the purposes of that sub‑section, be deemed to be liable for that act in the same manner and to the same extent as the person who has committed the act, unless she proves that the act was committed without his consent or connivance and was not facilitated by any neglect or omission on his part.

(4) Where at any stage of the proceedings against any person under this section (hereinafter referred to as the delinquent), the Court is satisfied by affidavit or otherwise—

(a) that a prima facie case has been made out against the delinquent; and

(b) that it is just and proper so to do in the interests of the policy­holders of an insurer or of the members of an insurance company, the Court may direct theattachment of

i. any property of the insurer in the possession of the delinquent;

ii. any property of the delinquent which belongs to him or is deemed to belong to him with the meaning of sub‑section (5);

iii. any property transferred by the delinquent within two years before the commencement of proceedings under sub‑section (1) or during the pendency of such proceedings/ if the Court is satisfied by affidavit or otherwise that the transfer was otherwise than in good faith and for consideration.

(5) For the purposes of sub‑section (4), the following classes of property shall be deemed to belong to a delinquent:

(a) any property standing in the name of any person which by reason of the person being connected with the delinquent, whether by way of relationship or otherwise, or on account of any other relevant circumstances appears to belong to the delinquent;

(b) the property of a private company in respect of the affairs of which the delinquent, by himself or through his nominees, relatives, partners or persons interested in any shares of the company is able to exercise or is entitled to acquire control, whether direct or indirect.


Explanation.—For the purposes of this section a person shall be deemed to be a nominee of a delinquent, if, whether directly or indirectly, he possesses on behalf of the delinquent, or may be required to exercise on the direction or on behalf of the delinquent, any right or power which is of such a nature as to enable the delinquent to exercise or to entitle the delinquent to acquire control over the company's affairs.

(6) Any claim to any property attached under this section or any objection to such attachment shall be made by an application to the Court, and it shall be for the claimant or object or to adduce evidence to show that the property is not liable to attachment under this section, and the Court shall proceed to investigate the claim or objection in a summary manner.

(7) When disposing of an application under sub‑section (1), the Court shall, after giving all persons who appear to it to be interested in any property attached under this section an opportunity of being heard, make such order as it thinks fit respecting the disposal of any such property for the purpose of effectually enforcing any liability under this section, and all such persons shall be deemed to be parties to the proceedings under this section.

(8) In any proceedings under this section the Court shall have full power and exclusive jurisdiction to decide all questions of any nature whatsoever arising there under and, in particular, with respect to any property attached under this section, and no other court shall have jurisdiction to decide any such question in any suit or other legal proceeding.

(9) In making any order with respect to the disposal of the property of any private company referred to in C1ause (b) of sub‑section (5), the Court shall have due regard to the interests of all persons interested in such property other than the delinquent and persons referred to in that clause.

(10) This section shall apply notwithstanding that the act is one for which the person concerned may be criminally liable.

(11) In proceedings under this section the Court shall have all the powers which a court has under Section 237 of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913).

(12) This section shall apply in respect of a provident society as defined in Part III as it applies in respect of an insurer.

(13) On and from the commencement of the Insurance (Second Amendment) Act, 1955 (54 of 1955), the Court entitled to exercise jurisdiction under this section shall be the High Court within whose jurisdiction the registered office of the insurer is situate (hereinafter referred to as the High Court) and any proceedings under this section pending at such commencement in any Court other than the High Court shall, on such commencement, stand transferred to the High Court.

(14) The High Court may make rules providing for­

(a) the manner in which enquiries and proceedings may be held under this section,

(b) any other matter for which provision has to be made for enabling the High Court to effectively exercise its jurisdiction under this section.

Notice to and hearing of Authority.

106A. (1) When application is made to the Court for the making of any order to which this section applies the Court shall, unless the Authority has himself made the application or has been made a party thereto, send a copy of the application together with intimation of the date fixed for the hearing thereof to the Authority, and shall give him an opportunity of being heard.

(2) The orders to which this section applies are the following namely:

(a) an order for the attachment in execution of a decree of any deposit made under Section 7 or Section 98;

(b) an order under Section 9 or Section 59 for the return of any such deposit;

(c) an order under Section 36 sanctioning any arrangement for the transfer or amalgamation of life insurance business or any order consequential thereon;

(d) an order for the winding up of an insurance company or a provident society;

(e) an order under Section 58 confirming a scheme for the partial winding up of an insurance company;

(f) an order under Section 89 reducing the amount of the insurance contracts of a provident society.

Previous sanction of Advocate‑General for institution of proceedings

107. (1) Except where proceedings are instituted by the Authority or an Administrator appointed under Section 52A, no proceedings under this Act against an insurer or any director, managing agent, manager, secretary or other Officer of an insurer or any liquidator or any employee or agent of an insurer or any person who is liable under sub‑section (2) of Sec. 41 or any other person shall be instituted by any person unless he has previous thereto obtained the sanction of the Advocate‑General of the State where the principal place of business in India of such insurer is situate to the institution of such proceedings:

Provided that where the principal place of business of such insurer is situated in a Union territory references in this section to the Advocate­ General of the Province shall be construed as references to the Attorney­ General for India.

(2) This section shall apply in respect of a provident society as defined in Part III as it applies in respect of an insurer.

Chairman, etc. to be public servant

107A. Every whole‑time Chairman, whole‑time director, auditor, liquidator, manager and any other employee of an insurer shall be deemed to be a public servant for the purposes of Chapter IX of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

Power of Court to grant relief

108. In any proceedings, civil or criminal, it. appears to the Court hearing the case that a person is or may be liable in respect of negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust but that he has acted honestly and reasonably and that having regard to all the circumstances of the case he ought fairly to be excused for the negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust, the Court may relieve him either wholly or partly from his liability on such terms as it may think fit.

Cognizance of offences

109. (1) No Court inferior to that of a Presidency Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence under this Act. ‑

(2) No Court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under sub‑section (4) of Section 34B or sub‑section (1A) of Section 102 except upon complaint in writing made by an officer of the Central Government generally or specially authorised in writing, in this behalf by the Authority, and no Court inferior to that of a Presidency Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class shall try any such offence.

Appeals

110. (1) An appeal shall lie to the Court having jurisdiction from any of the following orders, namely:

(a) an order under Section 3 cancelling the registration of an insurer;

(b) an order under Section 5 directing the insurer to change his name;

(c) an order under Section 42 cancelling the licence issued to an agent;

(d) an order under Section 75 refusing to register an amendment of rules;

(e) an order under Section 87 or Section 87A;

(f) an order made in the course of the winding up or insolvency of an insurer or a provident society.

(2) The Court having jurisdiction for the purposes of sub‑section (1) shall be the principal Court of civil jurisdiction within whose local limits the principal place of business of the insurer concerned is situate.

(3) An appeal shall lie from any order made under stub‑section (1) to the authority authorised to hear appeals from the decisions of the Court making the same and the decision on such appeal shall be final.

(4) No appeal under this section shall be entertained unless it is made before the expiration of four months from the date on which the order appealed against was communicated to the appellant.

Delegation of powers and duties of Chairperson of the Authority

110A. The Chairperson of the Authority may by general or special order delegate any of his powers or duties under this act to any person subordinate to him. The exercise or discharge of any of the powers or duties so delegated shall be subject to such restrictions, limitations and conditions, if any as the Chairperson of the Authority may impose, and shall be subject to his control and revision.

Signature of documents

110B. Every document which is required by Act or by any rule made there under to be signed by the Chairperson of the Authority or by any person subordinate to him or by any officer authorised by him under sub‑section (1) of Section 42 shall be deemed to be properly signed, if it bears a facsimile of the signature of such Chairperson of the Authority, person or officer printed, engraved, lithographed or impressed by any of other mechanical process approved by the Central Government.

Power to call for information

110C. (1) The Chairperson of the Authority may, by notice in writing, require any insurer to supply him with any information relating to his insurance business, and the insurer shall comply with such requirement within such period after receipt of the notice as may be specified therein.

(2) Any information supplied under this section shall be certified by a principal officer of the insurer and if the notice so requires also by an auditor.

Certain claims for compensation barred

110D. No person shall have any right, whether in contract or otherwise, to any compensation for any loss incurred by reason of the operation of any of the provisions contained in Section 34 or Section 34A or Section 34E or Section 37A car by reason of the compliance by an insurer with any order or direction given to him under this Act.

Sections 3A, 27B, 28B, 33, etc. to apply to general insurance business of the Life Insurance Corporation of India

110E. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956 (31 of 1956), the provisions of Sections 3A, 27B, 28B, 33, 34. Clause (a) of Section 34E, 34F, 40C, 44A, 64U to 64UM (both inclusive), 64V, 64VA, 64VB, 64VC, l0lA, 101C, 110 D, 110G and 110H, shall also apply, so far as may be to and in relation to the general insurance business carried on by the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the provisions of Section 37A shall also apply to that Corporation if it becomes an acquiring insurer.

Provisions applicable to State Governments, etc

110F. The provisions of Section 3, 3A, 27B, 28B,33, 34, Clause (a) of Section 34E; 34F, 40A, 40C, 44A, 64­U to 64 UM (both inclusive), 64V, 64VA, 64VB, 64VC and 101A, 101C, 110‑D, 110‑G and 110‑H shall, notwithstanding any exemption granted under Section 118, also apply, so far as may be, and in relation to the general insurance business carried on by a State Government or a Government company as defined in Section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956).

Constitution of Consultative Committee

110G (1) The Central Government shall constitute a Consultative Committee consisting of the Chairperson of the Authority (who shall be the Chairman thereof) and not more than four other members having special knowledge and experience of the business of insurance.

(2) The term of office of, and the allowance payable to the members of the Consultative Committee, the procedure to be followed by, and the quorum necessary for the transaction of business of, the Consultative Committee and the manner of filling casual vacancies therein shall be such as may be prescribed.

(3) Before making any order under Sections 34, 34A, 34B, 34C, 34E, 34F, 34G, sub‑sections (4) and (7) of Section 64UM and Section 64VC, the Authority shall consult the Consultative Committee constituted under sub‑section (1).

Appeals

110H. (1) any person aggrieved by any order made by the Authority under Sections 27D, 34, 34A, 34B, 34C, 34E, 34F, 34G, sub‑sections(1), (4), and (7) of Section 64UM or Section 64VC may, within a period of thirty days from the date of such order prefer an appeal against such order to the Central Government and that Government may, by order, confirm, modify or reverse the order made by the Authority and the order so made by the Central Government shall be final.

(2) No claim for compensation shall lie in favour of any person for anything done in pursuance of an order of the Authority so long as such order was effective.

(3) The Central Government may, on the application of an appellant, stay, until the decision of the appeal, the operation of any order made under Section 34 or subsection (5) of Section 34‑B or sub‑clause (v) of C1ause (b) of Section 34E.

Service of notices

111. (1) Any process or notice required to be served on an insurer or provident society shall be sufficiently served if addressed to any person registered with the Authority as a person authorised to accept notices on behalf of the insurer or provident society and left at, or sent by registered post to, the address of such person as registered with Authority.

(2) any notice or other document which is by this Act required to be sent to any policy‑holder may be addressed and sent to the person to whom notices respecting such policy are usually sent and any notice so addressed and sent shall be deemed to be notice to the holder of such policy:

Provided that, where any person claiming to be interested in a policy as transferee, assignee or nominee has given to an insurer or to a provident society notice in writing of his interest, any notice which is by his Act required to be sent to policy‑holders shall also be sent to such person at the address specified by him in his notice.

Declaration of interim bonuses

112. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act an insurer carrying on the business of life insurance shall be at liberty to declare an interim bonus or bonuses to policy ­holders whose policies mature for payment by reason of death or otherwise during the inter‑valuation period on the recommendation of the investigating actuary made at the last preceding valuation.

Acquisition of surrender values by policy.

113.(1) A policy of life insurance under which the whole of the benefits become payable either on the occurrence, or at a fixed interval or fixed intervals after the occurrence, of a contingency which is bound to happen, shall, if all premiums have been paid for at least three consecutive years in the case of a policy issued by an insurer, or five years in the case of a policy issued by a provident society defined in Part III, acquire a guaranteed surrender value, to which shall be added the surrender value of any subsisting bonus already attached to the policy, and every such policy issued by insurer shall show the guaranteed surrender value of the policy at the close of each year after the second year of its currency or at the close of each period of three years throughout the currency of the policy:

Provided that the requirements of this sub‑section as to the addition of the surrender value of the bonus attaching to the policy at surrender shall be deemed to have been complied with where the method of calculation of the guaranteed surrender value of the policy makes provision for the surrender value of the bonus attaching to the policy:

Provided further that the requirements of this sub‑section as to the showing of the guaranteed surrender value on a policy shall be deemed to have been complied with where the insurer shows on the policy the guaranteed surrender value of the policy by means of a formula accepted in this behalf by the Authority as satisfying the said requirements:

Provided further that the provisions of this sub‑section as to the showing of the guaranteed surrender value on a policy shall not take effect until after the expiry of six months from such date as the Authority may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint in this behalf

(2) Notwithstanding any contract to the contrary, a policy which has acquired a surrender value shall not lapse by reason of the non‑payment of further premiums but shall be kept alive to the extent of the paid‑up sum insured, and the paid‑up sum insured shall for the proposes of this sub‑section include in full all subsisting reversionary bonuses that have already attached to the policy, and shall, where the policy is one on which the maximum number of annual premiums payable is fixed and the premiums are of uniform amount, be before the inclusion of such bonuses not less than the amount bearing to the total sum insured by the policy exclusive of bonuses the same proportion as the total period for which premiums have already been paid bears to the maximum period for which premiums were originally payable.

(3) A policy kept alive to the extent of the paid‑up sum insured under sub section (2) shall not be entitled by virtue of that sub‑section to participate in any profits declared distributable after the conversion of the policy into a paid‑up policy.

(4) Sub-section (2) and sub-section (3) shall not apply -

(a) where the paid‑up sum insured by a policy being a policy issued by an insurer, is less than one hundred rupees inclusive of any attached bonus or takes the form of an annuity of less than twenty‑five rupees, or where the paid‑up sum insured by a policy, being a policy issued by a provident society as defined in Part III, is less than fifty rupees inclusive of any attached bonus or take the form of an annuity of less than twenty‑five rupees, or

(b) where the parties after the default has occurred in the payment of the premium agree in writing to some other arrangement, or

(c) to policies in which the surrender value is automatically applied under the terms of the contract to maintaining the policy in force after its lapse through non‑payment of premium.

Power of Central Government to make rules

114. (1) The Central Government may, subject to the condition of previous publication by notification in the official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may prescribe

(a) the qualifications to be possessed by actuaries;

(aa)such other percentage of paid-up equity capital in excess of twenty- six percent of the paid-up equity capital and the period within which such excess paid-up equity capital shall be divested under sub-section (1) of section 6AA.

(b) the manner in which it shall be determined which of the transactions of an insurer are to be deemed for the purposes of this Act to be insurance business transacted in India.

(c) the procedure to be followed by the Reserve Bank of India in dealing with deposits made in pursuance of this Act, including the receipt of custody of, withdrawal of, and payment of interest on securities lodged as such deposits, and their inspection and verification by the Authority.

(d) the form referred to in Clause (d) of sub‑section (2) of Section 16;

(e) the manner in which the prospectuses and tables referred to in sub‑section (1) of Section 41 shall be published and the form in which they shall be drawn up;

(f) the matters to be prescribed for the purposes of section 48;

(g) (Omitted)

(h) the contingencies other than those specified in Clauses (a) to (f) of Section(2) of Section 65 on the happening of which money may be paid by provident societies;

(i) the matters other than those specified in Clauses (a) to (o) of sub­section (1) of Section 74 on which a provident society shall make rules;

(j) the form of any account, return or register required by Part III and the manner in which such account, return or register shall be verified;

(k) subject to the provisions of this Act, the fees payable there under and the manner in which they are to be collected;

(l) the conditions and the matters which may be prescribed under sub‑sections (5), (6),(10) and (12) of Section 92;

(3) Every rule made under this section or Hinder subsection (10) of Section 34H or under sub‑section (1) of Section 64UB and every regulation made under sub‑section (3) of Section 64UB and every regulation made under this part shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or regulation or both Houses agree that the rule or regulation should not be made, the rule or regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be so, however, that any such modification of annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation.

(4) All rules made by a Local Government under the provisions of Section 24 of the Provident Insurance Societies Act, 1912 (5 of 1912), and in force at the commencement of this Act shall, sofar as not inconsistent with the provisions of Part III, continue in force and have effect as if duly made under this section until they are replaced by rules made under this section.

Power of Authority to make regulations

114A (1) The Authority may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations consistent with this Act and the rules made there under, to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such regulations may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-

a) the matters including fee relating to the registration of insurers under section3;

b) the manner of suspension or cancellation of registration under sub-section (5E) of section3;

c) such fee, not exceeding five thousand rupees as may be determined by the regulations for issue of a duplicate certificate of registration under sub-section (7) of section 3;

d) the matters relating to he renewal of registration and fee there for under section 3A;

e) the manner and procedure for divesting excess share capital under sub-section 2 section 6AA;

f) the preparation of balance-sheet, profit and loss account and a separate account of receipts and payments and revenue account under sub-section (1A) of section 11.

g) the manner in which abstract of the report of the actuary to be specified under the fourth proviso to sub-section (1) of section 13;

h) the form and manner in which the statement referred to in sub-section(4) of section 13 shall be appended;

i) the time, the manner and other conditions of investment of assets held by an insurer under sub-sections (1), (1A) and (2) of section 27D;

j) the minimum information to be maintained by insurer in their books, the manner in which such information should be maintained, the checks and other verifications to be adopted by insurers in that connection and all other matters incidental thereto under sub-section (8) of section 33;

k) the manner for making an application, the manner and the fee for issue of a licence to act as an insurance agent, under sub-section (1) of section, 42;

l) the fee and the additional fee to be determined for renewal of licence of insurance agent under sub-section (3) of section 42;

m) the requisite qualifications and practical training to act as an insurance agent under clause (e) of sub-section (4) of section 42;

n) the passing of examination to act as an insurance agent under clause (f) of sub-section (4) of section 42;

o) the code of conduct under clause (g) of sub-section (4) of section 42;

p) the fee not exceeding rupees fifty for issue of duplicate licence under sub-section (6) of section 42;

q) the manner and the fees for issue of a licence to an intermediary or an insurance intermediary under sub-section (1) of section of section 42;

r) the fee and the additional fee to be determined for renewal of licence of intermediaries or insurance intermediaries under sub-section (3) of section 42D;

s) the requisite qualifications and practical training of intermediaries or insurance intermediaries under clause (e) of sub-section (5) of section 42D;

t) the examination to be passed to act as an intermediary or insurance intermediary under clause (f) of sub-section (5) of section 42D;

u) the code of conduct clause (g) of sub-section (5) of section 42 D;

v) the fee for issue of duplicate licence under sub-section (7) of section 42D;

w) such matters as specified under sub-section (2) of section 64UB relating to the Tariff Advisory Committee.

x) The matters relating to relating to licensing of surveyors and loss assessors, their duties, responsibilities and other professional requirements under section 64UM;

y) Such other asset or assets as may be specified under clause (h) of sub-section (1) of section 64V for the purposes of ascertaining sufficiency of assets under section 64VA;

z) the valuation of assets and liabilities under sub-section (3) of section 64V;

za) the matters specified under sub-section (1A) of section 64VA relating to sufficiency of assets;

zb) the matters relating to reinsurance under sections 101A and 101B;

zc) the matters relating to redressal of grievances of policy-holders to protect their interest and to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of insurance industry; and

zd) any other matter which is to be, or may be, specified by the regulations made by the Authority or in respect of which provision is to be made or may be made by the regulations;

(3) Every regulation made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the regulation or both houses agree that the regulations should not be made, the regulations shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that regulation.

Alteration of forms

115. The Central Government may, on the application or with the consent of an insurer, not being a company, alter the forms contained in the Schedules as respects that insurer, for the purpose of adapting them to the circumstances of that insurer:

Provided that nothing done under this section shall exempt the insurer from supplying all information required under this Act so far as it is possible for the insurer to do so.

Power to exempt from certain requirements

116. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, exempt any insurer constituted, incorporated or domiciled in any country or State outside India from any of the provisions of this Act which may be specified in the notification either absolutely or subject to such conditions or modifications as may be specified in the notification.

(2) This section shall apply in respect of provident societies as defined in Part III as it applies in respect of insurers.

Summary of returns to be published

116A. The Central Government before the date of commencement of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999, shall every year cause to be published, in such manner as it may direct, a summary of the accounts, balance‑sheets, statements, abstracts and other returns under this Act or purporting to be under this Act which have been furnished in pursuance of the provisions of this Act to the Authority during the year preceding the year of publication, and may append to such summary any note of the Authority or of the Central Government before the date of commencement of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 and any correspondence:

Provided that nothing in this section shall require the publication of the statement referred to in sub‑section (2) of Section 10 of the returns referred to in sub-section (1) of Section 28or Section 28A or Section 28B or the statements referred to in subsection (2) of Section 31B or Section 40B.

Saving of provisions of Indian Companies Act, 1913

117. Nothing in this Act shall affect the liability of an insurer being a company or a provident society as defined in Part III being a company to comply with the provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), in matters not otherwise specifically provided for by this Act.

Exemptions

118. Nothing in this Act shall apply—

(a) to any trade union registered under the Indian Trade Unions Act 1926 (16 of 1926); or

(b) to any provident fund to which the provisions of the Provident Funds Act, 1925 (19 of 1925), apply; or

(c) if the Central Government so orders in any case, and to such extent or subject to such conditions or modifications as may be specified in the order, to any insurance business carried on by the Central Government or a Government company as defined in Section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);or

(d) if the Authority so orders in any case, and to such extent or subject to such conditions or modifications as may be specified in the order, to—

i. any approved superannuation fund as defined in Clause (a) of Section 58‑N of the Indian Income‑tax Act, 1922 (11 of 1922); or

ii. any fund in existence and officially recognized by the Central Government before the 27th day of January, 1937 maintained by or on behalf of Government servants or Government pensioners for the mutual benefit of contributors to the fund and of their dependents or

iii. any mutual or provident insurance society composed wholly of Government servants or of railway servants which has been exempted from any or all of the provisions of the Provident Insurance Societies Act, 1912 (5 of 1912)

Inspection and supply of copies of published prospectus, etc

119. Any person may, on payment of a fee of five rupees, inspect the documents filed by an insurer with the Authority under Clause (f) of sub‑section (2) of Section 3, and may obtain a copy of any such document or part thereof on payment in advance at the prescribed rate, for the making of the copy.

Determination of market value of securities deposited under this Act

120. The market value on the day of deposit of securities deposited in pursuance of any of the provisions of this Act with the Reserve Bank of India shall be determined by the Reserve Bank ofIndia whose decision shall be final.

121.( Repealed)

122 (Repealed)

123 (Repealed)

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