Appointment of Authority of Insurance.
2B. [(1) If at any time, the Authority is superseded under sub-section (1) of section19 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999, the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint a person to be the Controller of Insurance till such time the Authority is reconstituted under sub-section (3) of section 19 of that Act
(2) In making any appointment under this section, the Central Government shall have due regard to the following considerations, namely, whether the person to be appointed has had experience in industrial, commercial or insurance matter and whether such person has actuarial qualifications.
Provisions Applicable to Insurers
Prohibition of transaction of insurance business by certain persons.
2C. (1) Save as hereinafter provided, no person shall, after the commencement of the
Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1950 (47 of 1950), begin to carry on any class of insurance business in India and no insurer carrying on any class of insurance business in India shall after the expiry of one year from such commencement, continue to carry on any such business unless he is-
(a) a public company, or
(b) a society registered under the Co‑operative Societies Act, 1912 (2 of 1912), or under any other law for the time being in force in any State relating to co-operative societies, or
(c) a body corporate incorporated under the law of any country outside
Provided that the Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, exempt from the operation of this section to such extent for such period and subject to such conditions as it may specify, any person or insurer for the purpose of carrying on the business of granting superannuation allowances and annuities of the nature specified in sub-clause (c) of clause (11) of Section 2 or for the purpose of carrying on any general insurance business:
Provided further that in the case of an insurer carrying on any general insurance business no such notification shall be issued having effect for more than three years at any one time:
Provided also that no insurer other than an Indian insurance company shall begin to carry on any class of insurance business in
(2) Every notification issued under subsection (1) shall be laid before Parliament as soon as may be after it is issued.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), an insurance co-operative society may carry on any class of insurance business in
Insurers to be subject to this Act while liabilities remain unsatisfied
2D. Every insurer shall be subject to all the provisions of this Act in relation to any class of insurance business so long as his liabilities in 3[India] in respect of business of that class remain unsatisfied or not otherwise provided for.
This Act not to apply to certain insurers ceasing to enter into new contracts before commencement of Act
2E. The provisions of this Act shall not apply to an insurer as defined in paragraphs (i) or (iii) of sub-clause (a) of clause (9) of Section 2 in relation to any class of his insurance business whether such insurer hits ceased, before the commencement of this Act, to enter into any new contracts of that class of business.
3. (1) No person shall, after commencement of this Act, being to carry on any class of insurance business in India and no insurer carrying on any class of insurance business in India shall, after the expiry of three months from the commencement of this Act, continue to carry on any such business, unless he has obtained from the Authority a certificate of registration for the particular class of insurance business:
Provided that in case of an insurer who was carrying on any class of insurance business in India at the commencement of this Act, failure to obtain a certificate of registration in accordance with the requirements of this sub‑clause shall not operate to invalidate any contract of insurance entered into by him if before such date as may be fixed in this behalf by the Central Government by notification in the official Gazette, he has obtained that certificate:
Provided further that a person or insurer, as the case may be, carrying on any class of insurance business in India, on or before the commencement of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999, for which no registration certificate was necessary prior to such commencement, may continue to do so for a period of three months from such commencement or, if he had made an application for such registration within the said period of three months, till the disposal of such application:
Provided also that any certificate of registration, obtained immediately before the commencement of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999, shall be deemed to have been obtained from the Authority in accordance with the provisions of this Act
(2) Every application for registration shall be made in such manner as may be determined by the regulations made by the Authority and shall be accompanied by-
(a) a certified copy of the memorandum and articles of association, where the applicant is a company and incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1882 (6 of 1882), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (10 of 1866); or under any Act repealed thereby,] or, in the case of any other insurer specified in sub‑clause (a) (ii) or sub‑clause (b) of clause (9) of section 2, a certified copy of the deed of partnership or of the deed of constitution of the company, as the case may be, or, in the case of an insurer having his principal place of business or domicile outside India, the document specified in Clause (a) of Section 63;
(b) the name, address and the occupation, if any, of the directors where insurer is a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1882 (6 of 1882), or under the Indian Companies Act, 1866 (10 of 1866), or under any Act repealed thereby, and in the case of an insurer specified in sub‑clause (a) (ii) of clause (9) of section 2 the names and addresses of the proprietors and of the manager in India, and in any other case the full address of the principal office of the insurer in India, and the names of the directors and the manager at such office and the name and address of someone or more persons resident in India, authorised to accept any notice required to be served on the insurer;
(c) a statement of the class or classes of insurance business done or to be done, and a
statement that the amount required to be deposited by section 7 or section 98 before application for registration is made has been deposited together with a certificate from the Reserve Bank of
(d) where the provisions of section 6 or section 97 apply, a declaration verified by an affidavit made by the principal officer of the insurer authorised in that behalf that the provisions of those sections as to paid-up equity capital or working capital have been complied with;
(e) in the case of an insurer having his principal place of business or domicile outside India, a statement verified by an affidavit made by the principal officer of the insurer setting forth the requirements (if any) not applicable to nationals of the country in which such insurer is constituted, incorporated or domiciled which are imposed by the laws or practice of that country upon Indian nationals as a condition of carrying on insurance business in that country;
(f) a certified copy of the published prospectus, if any, and of the standard policy forms of the insurer and statements of the assured rates, advantages, terms and conditions to be offered in connection with insurance policies together with a certificate in connection with life insurance business by an actuary that such rates, advantages, terms and conditions are workable and sound:
Provided that in the case of marine accident and miscellaneous insurance business other than workmen's compensation and motor car insurance the above requirements regarding prospectus, forms and statements shall be complied with only insofar as the prospectus, forms and statements may be available; and
(g) the receipt showing payment of fee as may be determined by the regulations which shall not exceed fifty thousand rupees for each class of business as may be specified by the regulations made by the Authority;
(h) such other documents as may be specified by the regulations made by the Authority.
(2A) If, on receipt of an application for registration and after making such inquiry as he deems fit, the Controller is satisfied that—
(a) the financial condition and the general character of management of the applicant are sound;
(b) the volume of business likely to be available to, and the capital structure and earning prospects of, the applicant will be adequate;
(c) the interest of the general public will be served if the certificate of registration is granted to the applicant in respect of the class or classes of insurance business specified in the application; and
(2AA) The Authority shall give preference to register the applicant and grant him a certificate of registration if such applicant agrees, in the form and manner as may be specified by the regulations made by the Authority, to carry on the life insurance business or general insurance business for providing health cover to individuals or group of individuals.
(2B) Where the Authority refuses registration; he shall record the reasons for such decision and shall furnish a copy thereof to the applicant.
(2C) Any person aggrieved by the decision of the Authority refusing registration may, within thirty days from the date on which a copy of the decision is received by him, appeal to the Central Government.
(2D) The decision of the Central Government on such appeal shall be final and shall not be questioned before any Court.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub‑section (2A), in the case of any insurer having his principal place of business or domicile outside India, the Authority, shall withhold registration or shall cancel a registration already made, if he is satisfied that in the country in which such insurer has his principal place of business or domicile Indian nationals are debarred by the law or practice of the country relating to, or applied to insurance from carrying on the business of insurance, or that any requirement imposed on such insurer under the provisions of section 62 is not satisfied.
(4) The Authority shall cancel the registration of an insurer either wholly or in so far as it relates to a particular class of insurance business, as the case may be, -
(a) if the insurer fails to comply with the provisions of section 7 or section 98 as to deposits, or
(aa) if the insurer fails, at any time, to comply the provisions of Sec. 64VA as to the excess of the value of his assets over the amount of his liabilities; or
(b) if the insurer is in liquidation or is adjudged an insolvent, or
(c) if the business or a class of the business of the insurer has been transferred to any person or has been transferred to or amalgamated with the business of any other insurer, or
(d) if the whole of the deposit made in respect of insurance business has been returned to the insurer under Sec. 9, or
(e) if, in the case of an insurer specified in sub‑clause (c)of clause (9) of section 2, the standing contract referred to in that sub‑clause is cancelled or is suspended and continues to be suspended for a period of six months, or
(ee) if the Central Government so directs under sub‑ section (4) of Sec. 33] and the Authority may cancel the registration of an insurer-
(f) if the insurer makes default in complying with, or acts in contravention of any requirement of this Act or of any rule or any regulation or order made or, any direction issued there under, or
(g) if the Authority has reason to believe that any claim upon the insurer arising in India under any policy of insurance remains unpaid for three months after final judgment in regular course of law, or
(h) if the insurer carries on any business other than insurance business or any prescribed business , or
(i) if the insurer makes a default in complying with any direction issued or order made, as the case may be, by the Authority under the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999, or
(j) if the insurer makes a default in complying with, or acts in contravention of, any requirement of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), or the Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956 (31 of 1956), or the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972 (57 of 1972), or the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973).
(5) When the Authority withholds or cancels any registration under sub‑section (3) or clause (a), clause (aa), clause (e), clause (ee), clause (f), clause (g) or clause (h) of sub‑section (4), he shall give notice in writing to the insurer of his decision, and the decision shall take affect on such date as he may specify in that behalf in the notice, such date not being less than one month nor more than two months from the date of the receipt of the notice in the ordinary course of transmission.
(5A) When the Authority cancels any registration under clause (b), clause (c) or clause (d) of sub‑section (4) the cancellation shall take effect on the date on which notice of the order of cancellation is served on the insurer.
(5B) When a registration is cancelled the insurer shall not, after the cancellation has taken effect, enter into any new contracts of insurance, but all rights and liabilities in respect of contracts of insurance entered into by him before such cancellation takes effect shall, subject to the provisions of sub‑section (5D), continue as if the cancellation had not taken place.
(5C) Where a registration is cancelled under clause (a), clause (aa), clause (e), clause (f), clause (g) or clause (h) or clause (i) or clause (j) of sub‑section (4), the Authority may at his discretion revive the registration, if the insurer within six months from the date on which the cancellation took effect makes the deposits required by section 7 or Section 98, or complies with the provisions of Section 64VA as to the excess of the value of his assets over the amount of his liabilities or has his standing contract restored or has had an application under sub‑section (4) of section 3A accepted, or satisfies the Authority that no claim upon him such as is referred to in clause (g) of sub‑section (4) remains unpaid or that he has complied with any requirement of this Act or the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 or of any rule or any regulation, or order made there under or any direction issued under those Acts that he has ceased to carry on any business other than insurance business or any prescribed business, as the case may be, and complies with any directions which may be given to him by the Authority.
(5D) Where lithe registration of an insurance company is cancelled under sub-section (4), the Authority may, after expiry of six months from the date on which the cancellation took effect, apply to the Court for an order to wind up the insurance company, or to wind up the affairs of the company in respect of a class of insurance business, unless the registration of the insurance company has been revived under sub‑section (5C) or an application for winding up the company has been already presented to the Court. The Court may proceed as if an application under this sub‑section were an application under sub-section (2) of section 53, or sub‑section (1) of Sec. 58, as the case may be.
(5E) The Authority may, by order, suspend or cancel any registration in such manner as may be determined by the regulations made by it:
Provided that no order under this sub-section shall be made unless the person concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
(7) The Authority may, on payment of the prescribed fee, not exceeding five rupees, issue a duplicate certificate of registration to replace a certificate lost, destroyed or mutilated, or in any other case where he is of opinion that the issue of a duplicate certificate is necessary.
Renewal of registration
3A. (1) An insurer who has been granted a certificate of registration under section 3 shall have the registration renewed annually for each year after that ending on the 4[31st day of March, after the commencement of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999.
(2) An application for the renewal of a registration for any year shall be made by the insurer to the Authority before the 31st day of December of the preceding year, and shall be accompanied as provided in sub‑section
(3) by evidence of payment of the fee as determined by the regulations made by the Authority which may vary according to the total gross premium written direct in India, during the year preceding the year in which the application is required to be made under this section, by the insurer in the class of insurance business to which the registration relates but shall not—
(i) exceed one‑fourth of one per cent. of such premium income or rupees five crores, whichever is less;
(ii) be less, in any case, than five hundred rupees for each class of insurance business:
Provided that in the case of an insurer carrying on solely re‑insurance business, the provisions of this sub‑section shall apply with the modification that instead of the total gross premium written direct in India, the total premiums in respect of facultative re‑insurances accepted by him in India shall be‑taken into account.
(3) The fee as determined by the regulations made by the Authority for the renewal of a registration for any year shall, be paid into the Reserve Bank of India, or where there is no office of that Bank, into the Imperial Bank of India acting as the agent of that Bank, or into any Government treasury, and the receipt shall be sent along with the application for renewal of the registration.
(4) If an insurer fails to apply for renewal of registration before the date specified in sub-section (2) the Authority may, so long as an application to the Court under sub-section (5‑D) of section 3 has not been made, accept an application for renewal of the registration on receipt from the insurer of the fee payable with the application and such penalty, not exceeding the fee as determined by the regulations made by the Authority, and payable by him, as the Authority may require:
Provided that an appeal shall lie to the Central Government from an order passed by the Authority imposing a penalty on the insurer
(5) The Authority shall, on fulfillment by the insurer of the requirements of this section, renew the registration and grant him a certificate of renewal of registration.
Certification of soundness of terms of life insurance business
(3B) If, when considering an application for registration under section 3 or at any other time, it appears to the Authority that the Assured rates, advantages, terms and conditions offered or to be offered in connection with life insurance business are in any respect not workable or sound, he may require that a statement thereof shall be submitted to an actuary appointed by the insurer for the purpose and approved by the Authority, and may by order in writing further require the insurer to make within such time as may be specified in the order such modifications in the said rates, advantages, terms, or conditions, as the case may be, as the said actuary may report to be necessary to enable him to certify that the said rates, advantages, terms and conditions are workable and sound.